The study of fingerprints known as Dermatoglyphics, has been utilized for individual identification in forensics for greater than 2000 years. They have been fully analyzed from various points of views such as embryogenesis, patterns of fingerprints and empirical mechanisms on how they are formed. Several studies have also linked them to certain human features such as gender, etc. This review paper is a systematic compilation on basic embryogenesis, classification of fingerprints and several canonical mechanisms involved in fingerprint formation. The knowledge about this is essential and can open new innovative areas for researchers working in forensics that can help solve the criminal disputes and cases.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
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